Sydney's integrated network

An integrated network

The 2018 Access update considers all transport modes and their functions in a fully integrated network. Transport networks across Sydney are transitioning from radial networks to network based systems, where interchanging between modes of public transport is both facilitated and encouraged. Fully integrated and network based systems will improve the resilience of the transport system and offer customers a greater choice of public transport options.

An integrated network also includes crucial elements such as kerbside use that allow modes to function more efficiently.

Light rail

Light rail is increasingly becoming a key element of the Sydney city centre transport network, providing customers with comfortable, reliable and sustainable transport options throughout the city.

What’s changed recently?

In 2014, the Inner West Light Rail was successfully extended, adding nine new  CSELR stops between Lilyfield and Dulwich Hill. This extension provided Sydneysiders with a reliable and efficient public transport option to and from the city centre every day.

Major construction of the CBD and South East Light Rail (CSELR) began in 2015.

What’s coming next?

Civil construction of the CSELR will be progressively completed across the majority of construction zones in 2018, with testing along the Randwick section of the network already underway.

The CSELR will improve access to and from the Sydney city centre from the South East, as well as through the city centre. The CSELR will provide high frequency ‘turn up and go’ light rail services operating up to every four minutes in the peak, reliable and high capacity services, and additional special event services between Central and the Moore Park and Alison Road stops.

Click here to see how the Light Rail network complements the rest of the transport network.


The City of Sydney has a Walking Strategy and Action Plan which focuses on making walking in the city safe, easy and enjoyable.

What’s changed recently?

  • Construction of the CSELR in George Street commenced in 2015, with progressive closures to sections of George Street. Despite the disruption caused by the construction, pedestrian numbers have increased in the corridor.
  • The 40km/h zones across the Sydney city centre have been extended to increase pedestrian safety.
  • Wynyard Walk was completed in 2016, to provide improved pedestrian access between the newly developed Barangaroo precinct and Wynyard Station.
  • Improved wayfinding has been implemented across the Sydney city centre to assist and facilitate the movement of pedestrians.
  • The Goods Line was completed in 2015 by the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority. The line is an elevated urban walkway from Central Station to Darling Harbour, following the old monorail line.
  • The new Sydney International Convention Exhibition and Entertainment Precinct Boulevard provides high capacity and direct connection between Darling Harbour and Central Station via Goods Line.
  • We successfully reduced pedestrian wait times at traffic lights, by reconfiguring the phasing across the majority of the Sydney city centre.

What’s coming next?

  • Improvements to connectivity for pedestrians on key corridors in the Sydney city centre, particularly between transport modes at key interchange facilities, such as Circular Quay and Central Station.

Pedestrianised zones

  • When the CSELR is completed, new pedestrian zones will be established to facilitate boarding and disembarking, as well as interchanging along the length of the line.
  • George Street will be pedestrianised between Hunter Street and Bathurst Street.
  • Alfred Street will be fully pedestrianised between George Street and Loftus Street, facilitating interchanging between CSELR, Circular Quay train station, ferry wharves and the Overseas Passenger Terminal.
  • Chalmers Street between Devonshire Street and Eddy Avenue will be pedestrianised, facilitating interchange between Central Station and the light rail.

Bus network

The Sydney city centre bus network provides an important role in providing access to, within and through the city centre, including key corridors across Sydney where buses provide the foundation of public transport services. The bus network continues to be reviewed and refined to support customer travel patterns, and to integrate with new transport investments and development projects.

What’s changed recently?

  • A new Sydney city centre bus network was introduced in October 2015 when all buses were removed from George Street to cater for the start of major construction on the CSELR. These changes included certain services terminating on the periphery of the city centre core and bus priority measures (lane 2 bus lanes implemented on Elizabeth and Castlereagh Streets) provided a more reliable and prioritised bus network service for customers.
  • The new Northern Beaches bus network commenced in November 2015, with over 3,200 additional weekly services, including 2,000 B-Line services. , The integrated services and infrastructure program supports more frequent and reliable bus services for customers travelling between the Northern Beaches and the Sydney city centre.
  • The procurement of fleet of 38 double deck buses to operate the B-Line services between Mona Vale and the City. Each double deck buses bus has 86 seats and standing room for 15 people, which is more than the standard two-door and the articulated ‘bendy’ buses.  
  • Targeted enhancements to bus services as part of the Growth Services Program, providing better travel options for customers outside the AM and PM peak periods, including shoulder peak, evening, weekend and overnight services.
  • Targeted infrastructure improvements and bus stop changes as part of the Bus Priority Infrastructure Program, supporting more reliable access on key corridors servicing the Sydney city centre.
  • The introduction of a new bus operator for Region 6 from July 2018 for bus services in the Inner West areas of Sydney, including service improvements by the end of 2018.

What’s coming next?

  • Targeted service and infrastructure improvements to support bus services, including key corridors servicing the Sydney city centre, through the Growth Services Program and Bus Priority Infrastructure Program.
  • A new bus network that is integrated with the CSELR.
  • A new bus network that is integrated with Sydney Metro Northwest when this transport investment is introduced.

See how buses got form an essential part of the transport mix here.

Sydney Trains

Sydney Trains carries the largest share of travel demand to the Sydney city centre and therefore increasing the capacity of the rail network is important to ensure there is a reliable, mass transit service to the city centre.

Peak crowding on the heavy rail network is forecast to increase from 2016 to 2036 and 2056, with the heaviest levels of crowding expected to continue being on the T1 Western Line and T4 Eastern Suburbs and Illawarra Line. Morning peak crowding is currently highest on city-bound services on the Illawarra Line (north of Hurstville), the western line between Westmead and Strathfield, and on the Bankstown line.

What’s changed recently?

  • A new train timetable has been implemented
  • Extra capacity has been added on the rail line between Kingsgrove and Revesby.
  • ‘More Trains, More Services’. The NSW Government will invest more than $1.5 billion over the next 3 years on the ‘More Trains, More Services’ program, which will boost capacity through hundreds of extra services, better infrastructure and new trains for Sydney. For more information, visit the ‘More Trains, More Services’ website:

What’s coming next?

  • The Power Supply Upgrade Program is an ongoing program designed to meet expected power requirements for Sydney’s future rail network and new fleet of air conditioned trains, including our commitment for ‘More Trains, More Services’. For more information visit, the Power Supply Upgrade Program website.
  • The Automatic Train Protection (ATP) Program is a major initiative to improve network safety and reliability in New South Wales (NSW), Australia and is aimed to be completed by 2021.
  • Timetable changes will come into place ahead of Sydney Metro and CSELR changes.

Future actions

  • Increase capacity of rail service from high density areas, enabling connection with bus services at rail stations.
  • Investigate and maximise interchanging opportunities outside of the Sydney city centre to relieve unnecessary congestion at busy transport hubs.

Take a look at the rail network here.


Sydney Metro

Sydney Metro is due for completion in 2024 and will be a major contributor to increasing capacity and meeting future demand for access to the city centre.

What’s changed recently

  • Commencement of the four Sydney Metro stations in the Sydney city centre:Barangaroo, Martin Place, Pitt Street, along with new underground platforms at Central Station.
  • Building an access bridge from Regent Street into the rail corridor (Sydney Yard). This provides construction and operational maintenance access for both Sydney Metro and Sydney Trains.

What’s coming next?

  • The first of five tunnel boring machines will be in the ground before the end of 2018 to deliver new 15.5 kilometre twin railway tunnels between the end of Sydney Metro Northwest at Chatswood and Sydenham.
  • The construction of the metro stations at Barangaroo, Central Station and Martin Place Station will affect the movement of people in around the construction areas, over the next five years (upgrading the Bankstown line between Sydenham and Bankstown to be part of the high capacity, high frequency Sydney Metro system).

Future actions

  • Providing extra connectivity and interchange capacity at Chatswood, Central Station, Martin Place, Sydenham and Bankstown.
  • Sydney Metro West is planned to service the key precincts of Greater Parramatta, Sydney Olympic Park, The Bays Precinct and the Sydney city centre.

For more information, visit the Sydney Metro website



The implementation of a fully integrated cycleway network will support the growth in cycling and provide safer and prioritised active transport options for customers travelling to, from and through the Sydney city centre. A comprehensive and integrated cycleway network will support re-moding from private vehicles and reduce travel times for bike riders.

What’s changed recently?

Since the implementation of the 2013 Sydney City Centre Access Strategy, a number of cycleway projects have been completed by the City of Sydney to increase the network of cycleways in the city centre:

  • A new cycleway on the southern end of Castlereagh Street opened in September 2015 connecting Liverpool Street in the North and Hay Street in the south.
  • A new cycleway in Liverpool Street opened in August 2015 providing an east-west connection from Sussex Street (Darling Harbour) to Castlereagh Street.
  • A new Kent Street cycleway, between Druitt Street and Liverpool Street opened in 2014 providing a new North-South connection between the Harbour Bridge and the Sydney city centre.

What’s coming next?

  • Sydney Harbour Village North cycleway and Sydney Harbour Bridge north ramp
  • Chalmers Street cycleway will be delivered as part of the CSELR project, between Devonshire Street and Eddy Avenue
  • Eastern Suburbs cycleway
  • After the completion of the CSELR, we will work with the City of Sydney on the missing north-south and east-west links in the strategic cycleway network to determine potential design options and implementation after the completion of the CSELR. These include the King Street cycleway (between Kent and Castlereagh Streets) ), Liverpool Street cycleway (between Sussex Street and Darling Harbour) and the Castlereagh Street cycleway (between Liverpool Street north to King Street)
  • The investigation into the future cycleway network will include:
    • Pitt Street north between Alfred and King Streets
    • Improving the existing (partial) cycleway between the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Eastern Sydney city centre (and Woolloomooloo) via a high level connection along the Cahill Expressway.
    • Cycle connections to Barangaroo.
    • A shared pedestrian and cycle connection from George Street, Redfern through to Darling Harbour. (Transport for NSW, 2013)

The City of Sydney launched their Cycling strategy and action plan 2018–2030 in August 2018 for public comment. More information is available on the City of Sydney’s consultation page.   

Check out Sydney’s city centre’s cycling network here.

Ferry network

Ferries play an important role as part of an integrated transport network to connect Manly, Inner Harbour and Parramatta River areas with the Sydney city centre. Check out the ferry network here.

What’s changed recently?

  • The Barangaroo Ferry Wharf opened in June 2017, now serving Sydney’s newest commercial district and provides increased capacity for ferry services to meet future demand.
  • Introduction of six new Emerald class ferries into service during 2017. These ferries carry up to 400 customers, and are easily accessible for less mobile passengers and young families.
  • Additional weekly ferry services introduced during 2017 to support demand and customer travel patterns, including:
    • Over 30 additional weekly ferry services on the F3 Parramatta River ferry route in June 2017, providing additional peak, shoulder peak and Sunday evening services
    • 85 additional weekly services to support the new F4 Cross Harbour and F7 Double Bay ferry routes in November 2017. The Cross Harbour ferry route provides travel between Watsons Bay and Pyrmont via the Sydney city centre, with direct links between the Eastern Suburbs, Lower North Shore, Inner West and the Sydney city centre.
    • Almost 60 additional weekly ferry services on the F3 Parramatta River and F8 Cockatoo Island ferry routes in November 2017. This initiative also separated stopping patterns on both routes to provide a consistent product, and provided direct access at night between Barangaroo and the Parramatta River
  • Upgrades to ferry wharves as part of the Transport Access Program, which support ferry services that access the Sydney city centre. Wharf upgrades completed since 2015 include Balmain East, Chiswick, Cockatoo Island, McMahons Point, Meadowbank, Milsons Point (dual berthing), Pyrmont and Sydney Olympic Park.

What’s coming next?

  • Further ferry wharf upgrades as part of the Transport Access Program, including Cabarita, Rydalmere, Parramatta and Rhodes.
  • Planned work to support the renewal of Circular Quay wharves and precinct.


Since the 2013 Sydney City Centre Access Strategy, coaches and their movement throughout the Sydney city centre has been examined more closely than ever before to ensure they are utilising the network effectively and contributing to fast and efficient movements.

What’s changed recently?

In 2017 we investigated opportunities to improve the efficiency of kerbside parking utilisation or provision of areas for coaches within close proximity to the Sydney city centre to create longer duration coach layover facilities. There were 73 cameras throughout the Sydney city centre in locations throughout the city centre to monitor coach, bus and minibus movements in key points.

Using the results of the investigation, we are better able to facilitate coach parking areas, and make necessary changes through the Sydney city centre. As new major developments are constructed throughout the city centre, especially major hotels and accommodation, coach provisions should be incorporated into facilities.

The tourism and hotel industry are forecast to continue to increase throughout the city centre therefore it is important to understand coach movements and improve efficiency and convenience throughout. It is proposed that coach/bus set down zones will be fifteen minute parking areas.

Point to Point

Point to Point transport provides flexible, convenient options for customers to get between destinations via the route they choose, at a convenient time. We have regulated for two types of point to point travel, taxis and booked services. With emerging technologies and the legalisation of shared services such as Uber in 2015, customer expectations have created a number of challenges, but also opportunities.

What has changed recently?

The Point to Point Transport (Taxis and Hire Vehicles) Act 2016 was passed by the NSW Parliament on 22 June 2016 which aims to improve safety and choice for customers, provide more opportunities for the industry as a whole and allow all modes of point to point transport to compete fairly. Regulation of the point to point transport after the new legislation commenced on 1 November 2017.

The reforms have seen a significant increase in demand for point to point transport services, with some estimates of an uplift of up to 30% in the number of point to point transport trips in Sydney.Therefore it is important to ensure they have adequate infrastructure provided for safe and efficient travel throughout the city.

What’s coming next?

Under the current law, only licensed taxis are permitted to use taxi ranks and taxi zones. This means there are fewer spots available for hire vehicles and rideshare services to pick-up and drop off . We will investigate locations where ‘kiss and ride’ or no parking zones will be most beneficial in improving kerbside access for point to point services, especially around high usage areas, without impeding traffic flow.

Kerbside use

Throughout the city centre, kerbside lanes are used for bus stops, taxi ranks, loading zones, coach pick-up or layover, mobility parking and short-stay, multi-use parking. Throughout the day and in different parts of the city, these uses can change in order to increase efficiency and minimise congestion impacts.

What has changed recently?

In 2015, most of all day street parking was removed in the city centre to facilitate better movement and more effectively enable use of under-utilised off-street parking available throughout the Sydney city centre.

What’s coming next?

Due to the increase development within the Sydney city centre of both transport and commercial projects, kerbside use is constantly under review to ensure kerbside is being used for the most efficient purpose throughout the day.