Movement and Place Framework
The Movement and Place Framework was developed to consider the function of NSW roads by examining the type and volumes of movements, volumes of pedestrians and other road users including on-road public transport, in the context of the places.
The Movement and Place framework provides a tool to help plan and allocate road space in a way that supports safe, efficient and reliable journeys for people and freight while enhancing the liveability and amenity of places. It provides guidance on how places can function in a way that provides places for people, such as vibrant retail and restaurant strips, as well as facilitating mass movement corridors, through railways or motorways, enabling people, goods and services to be prioritized to move efficiently over distances across the transport network.
Streets will often serve different purposes, to different customers, at different times of the day. Balancing the needs of customers through the day can be achieved by understanding the customer demands, infrastructure requirements, systems operations and/or regulations. This may include:
- Consideration to lower speed limits on certain streets or in certain precincts
- Allocate road space in a way that improves the liveability of places and moves people and goods more efficiently.
- Adjusting traffic lights to prioritise either pedestrians or vehicles
- Changing kerbside uses at different times of the day, to reflect the customer demands (such as no stopping on public transport corridors, loading zones to support freight and servicing, general parking for residents and businesses, taxi zones)
- Adjusting the times of the day that heavy vehicles can move through certain precincts.
The street network plays a dual function in the movement of people and goods (freight) in order to provide access to local places. When planning the management and operation of the network, consideration is needed for the types and volumes of customers and how they use the network.
Underpinning the Movement and Place Framework are a set of principles that provide a common platform for planning the transport network. The principles also provide the basis for efficient use of the network and allocation of road space, whilst acknowledging the needs and expectations of both transport customers and of the community.
These include five major categories:
- Motorways – Provide major transport corridors, moving people, goods and services over long distances
- Movement corridors – Provide highly important roads for the movement of people and goods, with a key role to provide efficient movement across the road network, where there is little interaction with adjacent land use. Where movement corridors pass through centres there is a need to acknowledge the value of places, providing some priority for pedestrians and access to sustain and support local centres and the liveability of local communities.
- Vibrant streets – Provide some of the most active areas in our cities and need to balance high urban density and pedestrian activity generated by commercial, tourism, leisure and entertainment venues, with the need to move high volumes of people and goods.
- Places for people – Form the heart of communities and require prioritization of public transport, pedestrians, cycles and freight access, whilst limiting through traffic that has no destination in the centre.
- Local streets – Should be supported by lower vehicle speeds that better align with the need to prioritise walking and cycling within communities.